Department of Social Philosophy and Philosophical Anthropology

Characteristics

The Department of Social Philosophy and Philosophical Anthropology is concerned with the research of fundamental social structures from the systematic perspective, with the analysis of the relations between society and the natural conditions of its existence, as well as with the exploration of the issues of the human against the background of his socio-cultural determinations and his attitudes towards Being, others, and himself. Issues in the history of philosophy constitute an integral part of the department’s research.

PhD study topics for the academic year 2022/2023

Tutor: Mgr. Róbert Karul, PhD.

The absurd in contemporary philosophy: neutrality, absence of meaning, hopelessness, tragedy

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
In the French philosophical tradition, the theme of the absurd is still present today and has been introduced by phenomenological thinkers such as E. Levinas (the notion of il y a) and M. Blachot (the notion of neutrality). More recently, this style of thought has been revived by thinkers such as A. Comte-Sponville (the notion of hopelessness), Clément Rosset (idiocy) and Marcel Conche (the tragic), among others. However, similar elements can also be traced in thinkers who do not make them the centre of their thought (despair in C. Romano). It will be an examination of conceptions of this tendency, with the intention of presenting an interpretation of the primarily negatively connoted terms that will serve as a starting point for a "positive" understanding of them (tragic wisdom in Conche is an example).

Philosophy as paideia

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
The question of teaching philosophy has been part of philosophy from the beginning. The anamnesis, the remembrance of the insight of ideas, was achieved, among other things, in a dialectical dialogue, called maieutics. The problem of the relationship between philosophy and learning was revived in the 20th century by P. Hadot with his presentation of ancient philosophy in the form of "spiritual exercis-es". He thus provoked a controversy in which his opponent was M. Foucault. In contemporary French philosophical discourse, the actuality of the topic is maintained by theoretical initiatives that have not yet been discussed in our context.

Tutor: Jon Stewart, PhD.

Can existentialism help to provide insight into our modern crisis: the Covid pandemic?

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
Born in the fires of the Holocaust and the Second World War, existentialism has often been regarded as a philosophy of crisis. Its focus on themes such as anxiety, despair, meaninglessness, death, suffering, freedom, and individual responsibility reflects the experience of the generation that lived through these horrific events and tried to develop new intellectual tools to understand and deal with them. Existentialism continued to enjoy a broad international interest even after these events and well into the Cold War period. This suggests that some sense of crisis still remained and perhaps was even periodically revived. Can existentialism help to provide insight into our modern crisis: the Covid pandemic? Can the philosophical tools developed by thinkers such as Heidegger, Sartre, de Beauvoir, Merleau-Ponty, and Camus be applied to our situation today? Can they help us to gain insight into the complex ideas surrounding the pandemic such as lockdowns, restrictions, home office, vaccination, testing, online interaction, isolation, etc. Many of the so-called existential themes mentioned above seem to fit perfectly with the experiences reported by people today with the Covid virus. Does existentialism have a special modern relevance for us engulfed in this new crisis in the 21st century? What specifically might this be? This topic should be conceived as falling under the rubric of the history of philosophy. This should be a historical study in the sense that it demands an understanding of the history and development of the existentialist school in the 20th century. The goal is to determine what relevance this historical school still holds for us today.

Tutor: Mgr. Jaroslava Vydrová, PhD.

Performativity in philosophical-anthropological discourse

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
In Helmuth Plessner's anthropology of the actor role we can find methodological and thematic sources for the investigation of performativity, which are based on his concept of the so-called excentric positionality and the three anthropological principles (natural artificiality, mediated immediacy and utopian standpoint). On this basis, questions of corporeality and expressivity, how one takes roles (incarnates in roles) in both personal and public space, can be examined more closely. Further impulses for the elaboration of this theme are to be found in Plessner's social-philosophical and art-scientific analyses, as well as in other analyses in the field of philosophical anthropology.

Possibilities of phenomenology in anthropology

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
The possibilities of connection between phenomenology and philosophical anthropology are both historical-philosophical (Scheler and Plessner belonged to the circle of Husserl's disciples) and thematic (arising from the phenomenology of corporeality, perception, intersubjectivity, etc.). This implies the possibility of elaborating on this theme by tracing the productive intersections of phenomenological analysis on the one hand and raising anthropological questions on the other. This can be used more closely in the investigation of such phenomena as illness and health, care for the self, corporeality, expressivity, being in the world and with other people. This exploration also offers the possibility for interdisciplinary collaboration between philosophy and related disciplines focusing on issues of culture, sociality or historicity.

Contact

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: sekretariat.fiu@savba.sk
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic

Journal Filozofia

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Filozofia Editorial Office
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: filofilo@savba.sk
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
Filozofia Editorial Office
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic

Journal Organon F

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Organon F Editorial Office
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: organonf@gmail.com
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
Organon F Editorial Office
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic