Department of Environmental Philosophy

Characteristics

The department focuses on the philosophical investigation of problems related to the relationship between man and nature, and on the reflection of the causes and socio-political consequences of environmental degradation, pollution, and the climate crisis. It focuses on issues of environmental and climate justice, philosophical assumptions, and implications of the concepts of environmental law, natural resource rights, resettlement rights, as well as the concepts of anthropocene, capitalocene, sustainable retreat, zero or negative growth and ecological civilization. It examines the possibilities of formulating answers to the challenges facing society after exceeding the environmental limits of sustainability from the positions indicated by political ecology, social ecology, critical environmentalism, and other directions of environmental thinking.

PhD study topics for the academic year 2022/2023

Tutor: prof. PhDr. Břetislav Horyna, PhD.

Moral aspects of the free market in terms of environmental philosophy

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
The student will address the central question of whether the economic concept of an unregulated free market contains moral aspects or principles that could be applied to the practice of environmental philosophy. Starting from Hegel's conception of the market economy, the student will map the main theories of the market with a concentration on normative (moral) rules. These will then be contrasted with the principles of environmental philosophy. As a result, it will try to answer the question whether the idea of free competition and unregulated market value creation is compatible with the paradigms of environmentalism. Knowledge of English and German is essential.

The New Pyrrhonian sceptical tradition and its representatives in the second half of the 20th century

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
The tradition of skeptical thinking continues in a specific form of so-called neopyrrhonism to the present day. The interested reader will find the contribution of the most prominent figure of this tradition, the German philosopher Odo Marquard. The paper will focus on 1. Marquard's continuation of the tradition of Pyrrhonian skepticism and its further development when applied to modern conditions; 2. the concept of the philosophy of history; 3. the concept of ethics (morality) and anthropology (habitualism, anthropology, homo compensator). On this basis, he will attempt to confront his own positions on the questions posed by modern New Pyrrhonian skepticism: what shapes us; what we can influence; how we understand the political rules that govern society; whether we have the possibility of interpreting them in yet another way; how we move in constant conflict with multiplicity and unity; does polymythia also imply a different and new division of power between individuals and between the individual and the state? Knowledge of the German language is essential.

History of the Young Hegelians 1835-1845

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
The interested student will focus on the history of Hegelian thought immediately after Hegel's death and will analyze the strand of Hegelianism that is referred to as the Junghegelianer (Young Hegelian School). It will concentrate on portraying Hegel's own influence on the formation of Junghegelian philosophy and at the same time on the individual contributions of the representatives of this school of thought (Strauß, Feuerbach, Stirner, Ruge). He will specifically evaluate the concept of left-wing neo-Hegelianism in the so-called Berlin Club of Doctors, to which Marx and Engels belonged. The aim of the thesis is to contribute to a deeper, ideologically unbiased understanding of the philosophy of the Young Hegelians. Knowledge of the German language is essential.

Democracy adjourned: uncertainty as a characteristic of society in an environmental crisis

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
The theme is set as part of the political philosophy of the Anthropocene. It focuses on the problem of democracy and the changes in the understanding of democracy in politics and in public (social) consciousness. It will introduce the main theories of democracy today (political liberal democracy, agonistic democracy, post-democracy, deliberative democracy, economic democracy, transcultural democracy, etc.) and on this basis it will deal with the phenomenon of social and individual insecurity as a defining characteristic of contemporary society. In searching for the roots of insecurity, it will focus on the economic and political theory and practice of neoliberalism. The contribution of the thesis lies in the formulation of its own expert opinion on the possibilities of overcoming environmental uncertainty. Knowledge of English and German is essential.

Thousand plateau: the hos of multiplicity and its environmental risks

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
The student will interpret the work of the German philosopher H. Blumenberg in terms of his methodology. The concept of phenomenological anthropology (based on the work of A. Gehlen) is fundamental in the work of H. Blumenberg and is the basis for the conception of the world, reality, the subject, lebenswelt, metaphorology, philosophy of history, time and all other central categories of Blumenberg's philosophy. The main aim of the thesis is to organize and systematically interpret these categories according to the principles of phenomenological anthropology. Knowledge of the German language is essential.

Tutor: doc. Mgr. Richard Sťahel, PhD.

The evolution of J. Lovelock´s thinking: From Gaia theory through sustainable retreat concept up to novacene concept

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
James Lovelock is one of the key figures of environmental thinking. His Gaia theory significantly influenced thinking about the relationship between humanity and the environment, respectively Earth system, to the extent that the authors of the Anthropocene concept also support it as one of starting points. However, J. Lovelock´s thinking went through several phases. The aim of this work is to map this development and analyze its relevance for environmental philosophy.

Philosophical background of the ecological civilization concept

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
The concept of ecological civilization originated in the 1980s. It was subsequently developed by Roy Morrison, who understands ecological civilization as the result of the transformation of real industrial democracies into ecological democracies that more account of citizens´ interests in maintaining an environment conductive to organized human society than industry interests in the availability of cheap natural resources. In the background of the concept of ecological civilization are several philosophical concepts – from political to ontological. The aim of work is to identify them and analyze the extent of their impact of the current form of the concept of ecological civilization.

The influence of the anthropocene concept on political philosophy

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
The concept of Anthropocene is based on the knowledge of the extent of human influence on the geological, evolutionary and climatic processes of the Earth system. These mostly negative effects are largely due to economic, energy and social policies based on specific political philosophies. However, they did not primarily thematize the question of the environmental conditionality of the existence of any political system, nor did they take into account the devastating consequences of modernization and industrialization on the Earth system and its ability to maintain the environmental condition of organized human society. The concept of Anthropocene thus raises the question of the adequacy of the dominant concepts of political philosophy to the new regime of Earth system.

Contact

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: sekretariat.fiu@savba.sk
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic

Journal Filozofia

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Filozofia Editorial Office
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: filofilo@savba.sk
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
Filozofia Editorial Office
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic

Journal Organon F

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Organon F Editorial Office
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: organonf@gmail.com
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
Organon F Editorial Office
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic