The aim of this study is to analyse the influence the models of space had on the conceptions of transcendence, in particular the shift in Heidegger’s explanation of God from the “last God” conception to “God as a part of fourfold” (Geviert). This shift is connected with the development of Heidegger’s conception of space from the between- space to the topological space. The early and middle Heidegger (Being and Time, Contributions to Philosophy) understands the space as a “between-space” (Zwischen- Raum), i.e. a space of the encounters between Dasein and being or (in our context) humans and gods. The late Heidegger reaches the conception of the “place-space” (Ort-Raum, Ortschaft): things as places are permeated with the world (as the sense). The idea of an encounter in the between-space is thus replaced with the conception of topological permeation. Heidegger connects the topological understanding of space (die Ortschaft, or the “place-space”, Ort-Raum) with rethinking the essence of God and the structure of transcendence.
Heidegger, Phenomenological topology, Phenomenology of religion, Transcendence