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Existuje absolútna povinnosť voči etike? II. časť (Problém etiky a sebachápania v existencialistickej tradícii)

Filozofia, 2008, roč. 63, č. 9, s. 750-762.
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Abstrakt

In the second part of his study the author analyzes Kierkegaard´s thesis of the suspension of ethics on three levels: firstly, in its relation to Kant, who insists on the universal self-understanding of every individual; secondly, in its relation to the post-metaphysical interpretation of Kant, in which ethics is a matter of inter-subjective relations; and thirdly, in its relation to the existential tradition represented by Ernst Tugendhat´s thesis concerning the need to differentiate between the existential and ethical self-understandings. The key role the „accidental“ plays in human action creates a non-universalistic way of self-understanding in which individuality definitely predominates universality.

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