The aim of the study is to provide a critical commentary on the position held by E. Tugendhat in his work Egocentricity and Mysticism (published in 2003) in terms of his own criteria of the hermeneutic concept of truth. The article presents this concept of truth in its original negative-critical form, and explores two lines of inquiry in an attempt to explicitly grasp the implicitly understood „world as a whole“ in Wittgenstein's perspective of the impossibility of reflecting the boundaries of the language. The second, parallel theme is an attempt to investigate the „universe“ (understood as a whole) as the basis of his theory of mysticism. The first thesis of this study is that both of these levels, on the one hand the enlightenment worldview and on the other hand the existential concept of mysticism, have to be separated and thematized as a relationship between the condition of a possibility and the conditioned. The second thesis is that as a result of his theory of mysticism Tugendhat introduced the concept of „egocentricity“ in two mutually contradictory meanings. The third is that by his essentialism in the concept of „anthropology“ Tugendhat allowed the return of Heidegger's problem of the historical picture of the world to the place of universal truth, and also the return of the problem of authentic and nonauthentic existence beyond the sphere of ethics.
Altruism, Egocentricity, Ernst Tugendhat, Essentialism, Mysticism, Picture of the world