The objective of the paper is to examine the question, in what sense does the idea of humans as self-interpreting beings modify the understanding of ethics, namely, if the idea of self-interpretation changes the understanding humans as moral beings. Can the will to define oneself as a member of a moral community be seen as the background of moral behavior, or is the moral dimension inseparably connected with human identity? The resolution of the first question can show us the appropriate approach to the problem of the nature of morals. Tylor’s interpretation of the idea of self-interpretation will serve as the argumentation basis. His works can be namely taken as perhaps the most reasonable and systematic explanation of how to understand ethic in our days.