The paper examines the Slovak folk-tales collected and written by Slovak Renaissance writer Pavol Dobšinský. In his work the author of the paper does not see only an implicit philosophy, symptomatic for literary works or reflections, but also explicit philosophical formulations and attitudes. The author thinks, that Dobšinský followed Hegel’s explanation of history as well as his vocabulary, strictly dividing his own work into several parts corresponding given problems. The result of his rigorous work corresponds his objectives. His work is valuable also from another point of view: it brings many findings and inspirations concerning this type of folklore even for a contemporary reader.