The paper deals with the normative reasoning of human rights in the concept of effective altruism. It focuses on the analysis of the works of Peter Singer and Thomas W. Pogge, who argue in favor of the moral obligation to protect human rights of people living in extreme poverty. The aim of the paper is to introduce the main principles of the universal and perfectionist-utilitarianist perspective of Peter Singer, the political understanding of protection of human rights by Thomas Pogge and the idealized ethical concept of effective altruism. In the article we say that normative philosophical reasonings are not sufficient to justify the protection of human rights and that they are only one of many alternatives to their reasoning.
chudoba, efektívny altruizmus, globálna spravodlivosť, konzekvencializmus, ľudské práva, Pogge, Singer, zdôvodnenie ľudských práv