PhD Study Program

PhD study topics for the academic year 2022/2023

Tutor: prof. PhDr. Břetislav Horyna, PhD.

Moral aspects of the free market in terms of environmental philosophy

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
The student will address the central question of whether the economic concept of an unregulated free market contains moral aspects or principles that could be applied to the practice of environmental philosophy. Starting from Hegel's conception of the market economy, the student will map the main theories of the market with a concentration on normative (moral) rules. These will then be contrasted with the principles of environmental philosophy. As a result, it will try to answer the question whether the idea of free competition and unregulated market value creation is compatible with the paradigms of environmentalism. Knowledge of English and German is essential.

The New Pyrrhonian sceptical tradition and its representatives in the second half of the 20th century

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
The tradition of skeptical thinking continues in a specific form of so-called neopyrrhonism to the present day. The interested reader will find the contribution of the most prominent figure of this tradition, the German philosopher Odo Marquard. The paper will focus on 1. Marquard's continuation of the tradition of Pyrrhonian skepticism and its further development when applied to modern conditions; 2. the concept of the philosophy of history; 3. the concept of ethics (morality) and anthropology (habitualism, anthropology, homo compensator). On this basis, he will attempt to confront his own positions on the questions posed by modern New Pyrrhonian skepticism: what shapes us; what we can influence; how we understand the political rules that govern society; whether we have the possibility of interpreting them in yet another way; how we move in constant conflict with multiplicity and unity; does polymythia also imply a different and new division of power between individuals and between the individual and the state? Knowledge of the German language is essential.

History of the Young Hegelians 1835-1845

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
The interested student will focus on the history of Hegelian thought immediately after Hegel's death and will analyze the strand of Hegelianism that is referred to as the Junghegelianer (Young Hegelian School). It will concentrate on portraying Hegel's own influence on the formation of Junghegelian philosophy and at the same time on the individual contributions of the representatives of this school of thought (Strauß, Feuerbach, Stirner, Ruge). He will specifically evaluate the concept of left-wing neo-Hegelianism in the so-called Berlin Club of Doctors, to which Marx and Engels belonged. The aim of the thesis is to contribute to a deeper, ideologically unbiased understanding of the philosophy of the Young Hegelians. Knowledge of the German language is essential.

Democracy adjourned: uncertainty as a characteristic of society in an environmental crisis

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
The theme is set as part of the political philosophy of the Anthropocene. It focuses on the problem of democracy and the changes in the understanding of democracy in politics and in public (social) consciousness. It will introduce the main theories of democracy today (political liberal democracy, agonistic democracy, post-democracy, deliberative democracy, economic democracy, transcultural democracy, etc.) and on this basis it will deal with the phenomenon of social and individual insecurity as a defining characteristic of contemporary society. In searching for the roots of insecurity, it will focus on the economic and political theory and practice of neoliberalism. The contribution of the thesis lies in the formulation of its own expert opinion on the possibilities of overcoming environmental uncertainty. Knowledge of English and German is essential.

Thousand plateau: the hos of multiplicity and its environmental risks

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
The student will interpret the work of the German philosopher H. Blumenberg in terms of his methodology. The concept of phenomenological anthropology (based on the work of A. Gehlen) is fundamental in the work of H. Blumenberg and is the basis for the conception of the world, reality, the subject, lebenswelt, metaphorology, philosophy of history, time and all other central categories of Blumenberg's philosophy. The main aim of the thesis is to organize and systematically interpret these categories according to the principles of phenomenological anthropology. Knowledge of the German language is essential.

Tutor: Mgr. Róbert Karul, PhD.

The absurd in contemporary philosophy: neutrality, absence of meaning, hopelessness, tragedy

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
In the French philosophical tradition, the theme of the absurd is still present today and has been introduced by phenomenological thinkers such as E. Levinas (the notion of il y a) and M. Blachot (the notion of neutrality). More recently, this style of thought has been revived by thinkers such as A. Comte-Sponville (the notion of hopelessness), Clément Rosset (idiocy) and Marcel Conche (the tragic), among others. However, similar elements can also be traced in thinkers who do not make them the centre of their thought (despair in C. Romano). It will be an examination of conceptions of this tendency, with the intention of presenting an interpretation of the primarily negatively connoted terms that will serve as a starting point for a "positive" understanding of them (tragic wisdom in Conche is an example).

Philosophy as paideia

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
The question of teaching philosophy has been part of philosophy from the beginning. The anamnesis, the remembrance of the insight of ideas, was achieved, among other things, in a dialectical dialogue, called maieutics. The problem of the relationship between philosophy and learning was revived in the 20th century by P. Hadot with his presentation of ancient philosophy in the form of "spiritual exercis-es". He thus provoked a controversy in which his opponent was M. Foucault. In contemporary French philosophical discourse, the actuality of the topic is maintained by theoretical initiatives that have not yet been discussed in our context.

Tutor: Mgr. Miloš Kosterec, PhD.

Problem of grasping of hyperintensional language phenomena

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: fuli-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
The existence of the hyperintensional contexts is a universally accepted fact. There are various philosophical (logical, semantical) theories of the hyperintensional phenomena and contexts developed within the field of the analytic philosophy and the philosophical logic. The aim is to argumentatively reason for the precedence of one of the existing theories or argumentatively defend a creation of an original theory accompanied with the creation of it.

Formal analysis of impossible objects

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
The need to discern among various equivalent propositions led to the development of various theories. Among them, a strong position currently holds the class of theories developed with the use of so-called impossible objects. The aim is to analyse the concepts of impossible objects and argue whether its use has relevant merits.

Formal analysis of fictional discourse

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
The analysis of the fictional contexts belongs among the most problematic within the field of the analytic philosophy. For example, the status of the names used in fiction as well as the truth values of propositions within fiction are problematic. The aim is research into the selected philosophical, semantical and logical aspects of the fictional contexts.

Transparent Intensional Logic: theoretical development and application

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
Transparent Intensional Logic is currently undergoing a lively development. The applications of the system in the various philosophical discussions within the field of analytic philosophy are spreading. The aim is to research into theoretical properties of the system as well as an application of the system in solving some of the important philosophical problems.

Data as a currency - Data justice

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
Data justice concerns the fact that even though the data of users is often used for payment, they usually do not notice the fact. Data present possibly the most valuable commodity. The aim is to investigate the ways this commodity is managed, regulated, and handled with a particular interest in the role informatic technologies plays within the problematics.

Tutor: doc. Mgr. Richard Sťahel, PhD.

Philosophical background of the ecological civilization concept

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
The concept of ecological civilization originated in the 1980s. It was subsequently developed by Roy Morrison, who understands ecological civilization as the result of the transformation of real industrial democracies into ecological democracies that more account of citizens´ interests in maintaining an environment conductive to organized human society than industry interests in the availability of cheap natural resources. In the background of the concept of ecological civilization are several philosophical concepts – from political to ontological. The aim of work is to identify them and analyze the extent of their impact of the current form of the concept of ecological civilization.

The influence of the anthropocene concept on political philosophy

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
The concept of Anthropocene is based on the knowledge of the extent of human influence on the geological, evolutionary and climatic processes of the Earth system. These mostly negative effects are largely due to economic, energy and social policies based on specific political philosophies. However, they did not primarily thematize the question of the environmental conditionality of the existence of any political system, nor did they take into account the devastating consequences of modernization and industrialization on the Earth system and its ability to maintain the environmental condition of organized human society. The concept of Anthropocene thus raises the question of the adequacy of the dominant concepts of political philosophy to the new regime of Earth system.

The evolution of J. Lovelock´s thinking: From Gaia theory through sustainable retreat concept up to novacene concept

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
James Lovelock is one of the key figures of environmental thinking. His Gaia theory significantly influenced thinking about the relationship between humanity and the environment, respectively Earth system, to the extent that the authors of the Anthropocene concept also support it as one of starting points. However, J. Lovelock´s thinking went through several phases. The aim of this work is to map this development and analyze its relevance for environmental philosophy.

Tutor: Jon Stewart, PhD.

Can existentialism help to provide insight into our modern crisis: the Covid pandemic?

Study program: 2.1.3. history of philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, UPJS in Košice
Annotation:
Born in the fires of the Holocaust and the Second World War, existentialism has often been regarded as a philosophy of crisis. Its focus on themes such as anxiety, despair, meaninglessness, death, suffering, freedom, and individual responsibility reflects the experience of the generation that lived through these horrific events and tried to develop new intellectual tools to understand and deal with them. Existentialism continued to enjoy a broad international interest even after these events and well into the Cold War period. This suggests that some sense of crisis still remained and perhaps was even periodically revived. Can existentialism help to provide insight into our modern crisis: the Covid pandemic? Can the philosophical tools developed by thinkers such as Heidegger, Sartre, de Beauvoir, Merleau-Ponty, and Camus be applied to our situation today? Can they help us to gain insight into the complex ideas surrounding the pandemic such as lockdowns, restrictions, home office, vaccination, testing, online interaction, isolation, etc. Many of the so-called existential themes mentioned above seem to fit perfectly with the experiences reported by people today with the Covid virus. Does existentialism have a special modern relevance for us engulfed in this new crisis in the 21st century? What specifically might this be? This topic should be conceived as falling under the rubric of the history of philosophy. This should be a historical study in the sense that it demands an understanding of the history and development of the existentialist school in the 20th century. The goal is to determine what relevance this historical school still holds for us today.

Tutor: Mgr. Jaroslava Vydrová, PhD.

Performativity in philosophical-anthropological discourse

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
In Helmuth Plessner's anthropology of the actor role we can find methodological and thematic sources for the investigation of performativity, which are based on his concept of the so-called excentric positionality and the three anthropological principles (natural artificiality, mediated immediacy and utopian standpoint). On this basis, questions of corporeality and expressivity, how one takes roles (incarnates in roles) in both personal and public space, can be examined more closely. Further impulses for the elaboration of this theme are to be found in Plessner's social-philosophical and art-scientific analyses, as well as in other analyses in the field of philosophical anthropology.

Possibilities of phenomenology in anthropology

Study program: 2.1.2. systematic philosophy * Study form: full-time/external * Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava
Annotation:
The possibilities of connection between phenomenology and philosophical anthropology are both historical-philosophical (Scheler and Plessner belonged to the circle of Husserl's disciples) and thematic (arising from the phenomenology of corporeality, perception, intersubjectivity, etc.). This implies the possibility of elaborating on this theme by tracing the productive intersections of phenomenological analysis on the one hand and raising anthropological questions on the other. This can be used more closely in the investigation of such phenomena as illness and health, care for the self, corporeality, expressivity, being in the world and with other people. This exploration also offers the possibility for interdisciplinary collaboration between philosophy and related disciplines focusing on issues of culture, sociality or historicity.

Contact

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: sekretariat.fiu@savba.sk
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic

Journal Filozofia

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Filozofia Editorial Office
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: filofilo@savba.sk
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
Filozofia Editorial Office
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic

Journal Organon F

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Organon F Editorial Office
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: organonf@gmail.com
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
Organon F Editorial Office
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic