Research Project

Project title

Pavel Tichý on Individuals, Roles, and God

Project coordinator

Program

John Templeton Foundation

Duration

01.11.2020 to 01.08.2023

Researchers from the Institute

Project description

Pavel Tichý was one of the philosophers and logicians who, coming from Czechoslovakia, succeeded in the international academic forum. His ambitious project was to analyse the whole conceptual scheme, as related to both natural and formal languages. Given this aim, he devised an impressively complex framework of Transparent Intensional Logic (TIL). The framework has been subsequently elaborated by what can be now called the community of TIL (philosophers, logicians, computer scientists, linguists). Despite this, Tichýʼs work has not received an in-depth analysis in main philosophical journals and TIL has not exhausted its potential. The present project focuses mainly on notions of individuals, roles, and God. First, TIL has its own peculiar conception of bare individuals.Secondly, Tichý provided his own analysis of an ontological proof of the existence of God, which employs the notion of roles (offices). Thirdly, this notion is intriguing on its own right, since it opens several important questions (what are roles and how are they related to essential properties) and has non-trivial applications in analytic aesthetics (role realism and its hyperintensional TIL variant proposed by Daniela Glavaničová, 'Rethinking Role Realism', British Journal of Aesthetics). Another notion relevant to individuals, roles, as well as to Tichýʼs proof is that of requisites. TIL employs the notion of requisites rather than essences. New findings support the view that at least some roles and requisites require hyperintensional analysis (Miloš Kosterec, ‘On the Essence of Empty Properties’, Synthese; Marie Duží, Bjørn Jespersen and Daniela Glavaničová, ‘Impossible Individuals as Necessarily Empty Individual Concepts’, in Logic in High Definition: Developing Fine-Grained Semantics, Studia Logica Series, Springer). One of our aims is to explore the connection between requisites and essences, and to develop a plausible account of essences within TIL. We will also revisit Tichýʼs conception of the core notions: individuals, roles, and God, and explore how these can be informed by new results related to roles, requisites, and essences. Another crucial aim will be to explore the applications of Tichýʼs notions in analytic aesthetics.

Contact

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: sekretariat.fiu@savba.sk
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic

Journal Filozofia

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Filozofia Editorial Office
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: filofilo@savba.sk
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
Filozofia Editorial Office
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic

Journal Organon F

Institute of Philosophy SAS, v.v.i.
Organon F Editorial Office
Klemensova 19
811 09 Bratislava 1
Slovak Republic
Tel.: +4212 5292 1215
E-mail: organonf@gmail.com
Home page

Address for correspondence:

Filozofický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
Organon F Editorial Office
P. O. Box 3364
813 64 Bratislava
Slovak Republic