TY - JOUR
T1 - Je Mill naozaj predchodca známeho vysvetlenia kontrafaktuálov?
JF - Filozofia
Y1 - 2019
A1 - Gahér, František
KW - Counterfactual
KW - Implication (logical)
KW - Logical inference
KW - Non-logical inference
AB - In the discussion on counterfactuals Ramsey invoked Mill's opinion, when he defended the explanation that counterfactuals are elliptical deductive arguments. Similarly, Ramsey's followers did so. However, a more in-depth investigation reveals that Mill's view that conditionals (implications) express inferences is neither set within some theory of deduction, nor within propositional logic, which he could not adequately grasp due to his extreme inductivism. Mill's view of conditionals was simply inspired by Whately. Therefore, Ramsay's designation of Mill as the forerunner of the explanation of counterfactuals in his line is hasty and unjustified. On the other hand, while Whately, unlike Mill, adequately explains the role of deduction in categorical syllogism and partly also in propositional logic, we do not find in his work sufficient support for the explanation of counterfactuals as elliptical expressions of deductive arguments. That is simply because Whately in case of compound statements, including conditionals, unambiguously prefers content-based, nonlogical inference to logical inference.
VL - 74
UR - https://www.sav.sk/journals/uploads/04141901filozofia.2019.74.4.1.pdf
M3 - State
U2 - Articles
U3 - 259277
ER -